Child Maltreatment: The Health Sector Responds.
World Health Organization. CommunicateHealth.
International Resource Information Packet or Sheet
World Health Organization (WHO)
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This brief notes one in four adults were physically abused as children and then provides information on the different types of child maltreatment, the incidence of different types of child abuse worldwide, the percentage of individuals aged 18-24 years who experienced physical violence prior to age 18 in eight different countries, and the impact of child maltreatment on mental health, interpersonal relationships, high-risk sexual behaviors, and substance abuse. Parent, community, and society risk factors that increase the risk of child maltreatment are identified, and strategies to prevent child maltreatment are provided. The role of the health sector in addressing child maltreatment is then addressed and the following five recommendations are made: raise awareness about the long-term negative health effects and social burden of child maltreatment; collect and communicate data about prevalence, risk factors, and health consequences of child maltreatment; develop and test evidence-based interventions to prevent child maltreatment; provide support and services to victims of child maltreatment, including mental health and psychosocial services; and collaborate with other sectors to address child maltreatment, especially social welfare, protection, education and criminal justice sectors.
CHILD ABUSE; CHILD NEGLECT; CHILD HEALTH; COST EFFECTIVENESS; SOCIOECONOMIC INFLUENCES; health services; PREVENTION PROGRAMS; INCIDENCE; RISK FACTORS; INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; HEALTH PERSONNEL