Individual Differences In Children’s Suggestibility: An Updated Review.
Klemfuss, J. Zoe. Olaguez, Alma P.
Published: February-March 2020
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Vol. 29, No. 2 , p. 158-182
Taylor and Francis Group
530 Walnut Street Suite 850
Philadelphia, PA 19106
The present review is intended as an overview of our current understanding of how children’s individual characteristics, in terms of demographic, cognitive, and psycho-social variables, may influence their susceptibility to suggestion. The goals are to revisit conceptual models of the mechanisms of suggestibility, to provide an updated practical guide for practitioners, and to make recommendations for future research. Results suggest that children with intellectual impairment and those with nascent language skills may be particularly vulnerable to suggestion. Further, memory for separate events, theory of mind, executive function, temperament, and social competence may not be related to suggestibility, whereas additional work is needed to clarify the potential contributions of knowledge, stress, mental health, parental elaborative style, and adverse experiences/maltreatment to children’s suggestibility. (Author abstract)
interviewing children; child abuse; sexual abuse; guidelines; evidence based practice; forensic interviews; risk factors; children with disabilities; SUGGESTIBILITY; LEADING QUESTIONS