The Stressful Effects of Child Maltreatment on the Brain---Implications for Prevention (Chapter 9 in Science, Treatment, and Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors: Volume 2: Evidence-Based Practice).
Science, Treatment, and Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors.
Chapter in Book
p. 9-1 - 9-13
Civic Research Institute
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This chapter describes the impact of stress on the hippocampus, noradrenergic systems, dopaminergic systems, and serotonin level. The neurobiology of early stress in children is discussed, as well as research findings from neuroimaging studies of childhood abuse. Findings indicate the association of early childhood abuse and the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder with alternations in the medical prefrontal context and hippocampus. Implications for prevention and treatment are considered. 2 tables and numerous references.
ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR; AGGRESSION; AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR; DEVIANT BEHAVIOR; PREVENTION; FAMILY VIOLENCE; CHILD ABUSE; BRAIN DEVELOPMENT; CHILD DEVELOPMENT; COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT; STRESS; POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER