Sticker Shock 2020: The Cost of Youth Incarceration.
Justice Policy Institute.
This brief explains the average State cost of the secure confinement of a young person is now $588 per day, or $214,620 per year, a 44% increase from 2014. It notes in 40 States taxpayers spend at least $100,000 a year for a single young person’s confinement, and 12 States spend over $250,000 a year for a single young person’s confinement. Four of these States – Alaska, New Hampshire, New York, and Vermont – spend over $500,000 a year to confine a young person. A chart is provided that indicates what each State pays per day and year in 2020 for youth confinement, and the percentage change from 2011-2014. Potential drivers of the cost increase are discussed, as well as the ineffectiveness of confinement on reoffending and recidivism, educational attainment, employment and wage attainment, and health outcomes. Key recommendations for policymakers are made and include: reduce spending on confinement and shift funding to evidence-based and promising community-based options for youth; improve the treatment of youth remaining in locked custody until all youth prison-type facilities are closed; establish a community-based race-conscious system to address racial disparities experienced in secure confinement; and remove the barriers to reducing reliance on confinements in State and localities. 42 references.
adolescents; recidivism; cost effectiveness; State programs; juvenile delinquency; imprisonment; racial disproportionality; education; child advocacy; policy formation; court reform; correctional institutions