A Discussion Paper on Indigenous Custom Adoption. Part 1: Severed Connections - Historical Overview of Indigenous Adoption in Canada.
Di Tommaso, Lara. De Finney, Sandrina.
First Peoples Child & Family Review
Vol. 10, No. 1 , p. 7-18
First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada
Suite 302 251 Bank Street
Ottawa, ON Canada K2P 1X3, Tel: 613-230-5885
This paper forms Part 1 of a two-part discussion paper on Indigenous custom adoption. Zeroing in on the entangled histories of adoption and colonization, it outlines a short history of adoption in Canada, examines the impact of forced, closed, and external adoptions on Indigenous adoptees, and traces the move toward more open statutory adoptions and greater cultural connection and continuity in adoptions. This historical review sets the stage for Part 2 of our discussion paper, “Honouring Our Caretaking Traditions,” where we highlight the connections between customary laws regarding caregiving and the resurgence of Indigenous authority over child welfare within a context of Indigenous self-determination and self-governance. (Author abstract)
adoption; closed adoption; indigenous populations; cultural factors; planning; customary adoption; open adoption; continuity planning; Canada