Improving the Parental Self-Agency of Depressed Latino Immigrant Mothers: Piloted Intervention Results.
Piedra, Lissette M. Byoun, Soo-Jung. Guardini, Luciana. Cintrón, Valerie.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Published: January 2012
Children and Youth Services Review
Vol. 34, No. 1 , pp. 126-135
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Segmented assimilation theory posits that uneven rates of intergenerational acculturation -- the process by which immigrants and their children learn the language and normative lifestyles of a new culture -- can be detrimental to the parent-child relationship. This paper presents results on parental self-efficacy from an intervention study -- Vida Alegre [Happy/Contented Life] -- for depressed immigrant mothers that includes a three-session module based on Gottman & DeClaire (2001) concept of emotional bidding. Using a mixed-methods design, this study examines whether exposure to the intervention increased parental self-efficacy. Outcome data from the Parenting Self-Agency Measure (PSAM) administered at three points in time -- pre-test, post-test, and 3 months follow-up -- was analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test. Constant comparative analysis was used to code 3 focus groups and 10 post-treatment interviews. Results indicate a significant increase in parental self-efficacy between pre-test and post-test. An analysis of mixed methods results further highlights the importance of tailoring interventions to help immigrant parents reinterpret their child's communications to strengthen family relationships. (Author abstract)
Cognitive therapy; Clinical intervention; Research; Mothers; Immigrants; Theories; Sociology; Evaluation methods; Parenting; Parental adequacy