Nurturing Environments for Boys and Men of Color with Trauma Exposure.
Graham, Phillip W. Yaros, Anna. Lowe, Ashley. McDaniel, Mark S.
UNC Center for Community Capital and Urban Investment Strategies Center, Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise.
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Vol. 20, No. 4 , p. 105-116
Springer International Publishing AG
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013
Tel: 212-460-1500 800-SPRINGER
Boys and men of color are exposed to traumatic experiences at significantly higher rates than are other demographic groups. To understand and address the mental and behavioral health effects of trauma, including violent incidents, on this population, we review the literature showing the context for, outcomes of, and potential responses to trauma exposure. We present the existing research about the unique challenges and associated negative outcomes for boys and men of color, as well as identify the gaps in the literature. We present the potential nurturing responses by systems such as schools, law enforcement, and communities to trauma-exposed boys and men of color, and we describe evidence-based programs and practices that directly address trauma. Finally, we argue that, rather than using a deficit model, a model of optimal development can be used to understand how to support and protect boys and men of color through nurturing environments. (Author abstract)
environmental influences; childhood trauma; minority groups; African Americans; male victims; psychology; evidence based practice; trauma informed practice; well being; prevention