What Works to Prevent Sexual Violence Against Children: Evidence Review.
Ligiero, Daniela. Hart, Chrissy. Fulu, Emma. Thomas, Alexandra. Radford, Lorraine.
Oak Foundation. Equality Institute. Together for Girls.
Published: November 2019
Together for Girls
1889 F Street, NW Suite 350
Washington, DC 20006
This report presents findings from an evidence review of what works to prevent sexual violence against children and adolescents. Building on the INSPIRE framework, which offers seven overarching strategies to prevent all forms of violence against children, the review consolidated and categorized strategies focused solely on preventing sexual violence against children. Interventions were classified as “effective,” “promising,” “prudent,” “conflicting, “harmful,” and “no effect.” The report begins with an explanation of the problem of sexual violence against children and a review of risk factors for victimization and perpetration at the individual, relationship, community, and society levels. The critical interplay of age and gender is considered, as well as the intersectionality of sexual violence against children and adolescents. Data on the global prevalence of sexual violence against children is then shared and the lack of support and services needed for victims is noted. Sections 3 and 4 of the report present the findings of the evidence review and implications in the areas of implementation and enforcement of laws, norms and values, safe environments, parent and caregiver support, income and economic strengthening, response and support services, and education and life skills. Findings indicate that there are several factors that are consistently raised as being important in preventing sexual violence against children, regardless of the type of intervention, including the following: national response integrated into broader protection systems for children and adolescents; programs that are holistic and address the multiple factors that contribute to violence- supporting norms and behaviors; programs that are developmentally appropriate or age- and gender-specific; and programs targeting children that are delivered over several sessions, physically interactive, and participatory. 255 references.
child abuse; sexual abuse; evidence based practice; prevention programs; risk factors; promising practices